2 mn read

Case of Umbilical Granuloma: Diagnosis and Management

Posted in Surgery

2 mn read Following is the case presentation of Umbilical Granuloma: Case History A 2 year old male child presented with this moist and pink tissue popping out of the umbilicus.  Patient complained of  minimal amounts of drainage and irritation of the surrounding skin. This swelling started appearing from 3rd month. It was initially small but started growing in […]

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2 mn read

Triads and Pentads in Surgery

Posted in Surgery

2 mn read These triads and pentads somehow tend to be favourite questions of examiners during clinical exams and vivas. Other use of these is to depress your friends by asking questions related to them. Enjoy the read! Name Triad Disease What is Bergman’s triad? 1. Mental status changes2. Petechiae (often in the axilla/thorax)3. Dyspnea  Fat emboli syndrome What […]

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< 1 mn read

A case of locally advanced Papillary Thyroid Cancer with Large Neck Nodes

Posted in Surgery

< 1 mn read 62 year old Man from a remote village had come with complaints of swellings in neck from past 1 year. The swellings were painless. He had a history of hoarseness of voice, loss of appetite and significant loss of weight. There was an irregular mass in the midline which moves on swallowing. Multiple large fixed […]

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2 mn read

A Large Intramural Fibroid Uterus presenting as a Hypogastric mass

2 mn read Patient was a 40 year old nulliparous female coming from a remote village with h/o infertility, a long standing mass in lower abdomen, feeling of heaviness and on/off constipation. A smooth firm mass is seen and palpated extending from symphysis pubis to midway between umblicus and xiphisternum (equivalent to 32 weeks pregnancy). The mass was […]

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< 1 mn read

Split Skin Grafting : Points to remember

< 1 mn read What are the factors affecting successful uptake of a split skin graft? Hematoma/Seroma formation Infection (>10⁵ organism/1gm of tissue)  Shear Force (Insufficient mobilization) Poorly vascularized bed (Fibrosis, Radiotherapy, Exposed Bone, Cartilage, Tendon  A successful split skin graft with 98% uptake done by us What are the differences between a split thickness skin graft (SSG) and full […]

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3 mn read

Elephantiasis of Leg

3 mn read Elephantiasis Leg What is the cause of Elephantiasis? Lymphatic filariasis, also known as elephantiasis, is caused by parasitic worms of the roundworm family. Elephantiasis results when the parasites lodge in the lymphatic system and lead to chronic obstruction and lymphedema. What are the round worms which can cause Elephantiasis? Three kinds of round worms cause […]

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2 mn read

Gastric Carcinoma : Questions and Answers

2 mn read Growth Involving Incisura and Lesser Curvature of Stomach Explain the T staging (Primary Tumour) for Gastric Ca. (Tis, T1, T2, T3, T4) Layers of Stomach Wall(Source: Cancer.Org) TX Primary tumor cannot be assessed T0 No evidence of primary tumor Tis Carcinoma in situ: intraepithelial tumor without invasion of the lamina propria T1 Tumor invades lamina […]

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