2 mn read

Case of Umbilical Granuloma: Diagnosis and Management

Posted in Surgery

2 mn read Following is the case presentation of Umbilical Granuloma: Case History A 2 year old male child presented with this moist and pink tissue popping out of the umbilicus.  Patient complained of  minimal amounts of drainage and irritation of the surrounding skin. This swelling started appearing from 3rd month. It was initially small but started growing in […]

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2 mn read

Pseudoainhum : A rare disease

2 mn read Pseudoainhum is a rare and poorly characterised phenomenon involving autoamputation of a digit associated with an identifiable or related disease process. Ainhum does not have any predisposing condition associated while pseudoainhum is associated with predisposing conditions like trauma, leprosy, scleroderma, and diabetes. Other diseases which can cause pseudoainhum include psoriasis, scleroderma, and Raynaud disease. The […]

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< 1 mn read

A case of Spina bifida occulta

Posted in Neurosurgery

< 1 mn read – Amongst neural tube defects, the disorders involving spine, vertebral column and nerve roots are included in spinal dysraphisms. They can be classified as Spina bifida aperta (open defects)  Spina bifida occulta (closed defects) – There is no specific treatment required for occult spina bifida if the abnormality is limited to the bone. – Usually […]

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3 mn read

A case of Well Differentiated Adenocarcinoma Of Stomach In A Patient With ADPKD

Posted in GI Surgery

3 mn read Introduction Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is one of the most common hereditary renal disorders characterized by varied manifestations including renal cysts, extrarenal cysts, intracranial aneurysms and dolichoectasias, aortic root dilatation and aneurysms, mitral valve prolapse, and abdominal wall hernias Approximately one per 800-1000 population carries a mutation for this condition. There is established […]

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2 mn read

Adhesive Band Causing Small Bowel Obstruction

Posted in GI Surgery

2 mn read Adhesive Band causing Intestinal Obstrucction Which protein is responsible for formation of adhesions? Adhesions are formed by fibrin deposits onto the damaged tissues. The fibrin acts like a glue to seal the injury and builds the fledgling adhesion. In body cavities such as the peritoneal, pericardial and synovial cavities, a family of fibrinolytic enzymes may […]

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2 mn read

Gastric Carcinoma : Questions and Answers

2 mn read Growth Involving Incisura and Lesser Curvature of Stomach Explain the T staging (Primary Tumour) for Gastric Ca. (Tis, T1, T2, T3, T4) Layers of Stomach Wall(Source: Cancer.Org) TX Primary tumor cannot be assessed T0 No evidence of primary tumor Tis Carcinoma in situ: intraepithelial tumor without invasion of the lamina propria T1 Tumor invades lamina […]

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< 1 mn read

Chocolate Cyst of Ovary

< 1 mn read What is the Chocolate Cyst of Ovary? Chocolate cyst of ovary is caused by endometriosis. It is formed when a tiny patch of endometrial tissue bleeds, sloughs off, becomes transplanted, and grows and enlarges inside the ovaries. As the blood builds up over months and years, it turns brown. What is the gold standard diagnostic […]

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< 1 mn read

Understanding Skin Involvement in Ca Breast: T4b

Posted in Surgery

< 1 mn read What is Skin Involvement or T4b ? Edema (including peau d’ orange) or ulceration of the skin of the breast or satellite skin nodules confined to the breast. What is not Skin Involvement or T4b ? Dimpling of the skin and nipple retraction is not considered skin involvement. Skin involvement in breast showing a skin […]

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