4 mn read
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MRI Spectroscopy : Neurosurgery Notes

Posted in Neurosurgery

4 mn read   MR spectroscopy provides a measure of brain chemistry. The most common nuclei that are used are  1H (proton) 23Na (sodium) 31P (phosphorus).  Proton spectroscopy is easier to perform and provides much higher signal-to-noise than either sodium or phosphorus. MRS can be performed within 10-15 minutes and can be added on to conventional MR imaging […]

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2 mn read
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Hypothalamus Anatomy : Neuroanatomy/ Neurosurgery Notes

Posted in Neurosurgery

2 mn read  Video Link:Neurosurgery written board crash course – hypothalamus    hypothalamus as the name suggests is directly underneath the thalamus and it’s directly above the pituitary  borders of the hypothalamus can be drawn by a triangle  line between the anterior commissure and a posterior commissure and it’s called the ACPC line line between the anterior commissure […]

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2 mn read
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Neuroanatomy MCQs Cram Sheet 1

Posted in Neurosurgery

2 mn read Q1. The “Nissl substance” represents which organelle of neuron?A. Golgi complexB. NucleolusC. Rough endoplasmic reticulumD. Mitochondria Ans: The cytoplasm of a neuron shows the presence of a granular material that stains intensely with basic dyes called Nissl substance (also called Nissl bodies or granules) . These bodies are rough endoplasmic reticulum Q2. Which of the […]

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3 mn read
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History Taking in Neurosurgery : Headache

Posted in Neurosurgery

3 mn read What are the pain sensitive intracranial structures? Brain itself is pain insensitive.  The following intracranial structures are pain-sensitive: Meningeal arteries Proximal portions of the cerebral arteries Dura at the base of the brain Venous sinuses Cranial nerves 5, 7, 9, and 10, and cervical nerves 1, 2, and 3 What are the mechanisms causing headaches? […]

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3 mn read
2

Classification of Arnold Chiari Malformations

Posted in Neurosurgery

3 mn read What are Arnold Chiari Malformations? These comprise a group of abnormalities involving the rhombencephalon (hindbrain) and the contents of the CV junction  With common feature of impaired CSF circulation through the foramen magnum   May be Congenital or Acquired Ranging from simple herniation of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum to complete agenesis of the cerebellum  […]

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2 mn read
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Antibiotic or silver versus standard ventriculoperitoneal shunts (BASICS): a multicentre, single-blinded, randomised trial and economic evaluation

Posted in Neurosurgery

2 mn read The BASICS trial provides evidence to support the adoption of antibiotic shunts who are having their first ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion.  Summary  Background  The aim of this trial was to determine the clinical and cost-effectiveness of antibiotic (rifampicin and clindamycin) or silver shunts compared with standard shunts at reducing infection.  Methods  It was a parallel, multicentre, […]

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Image of the day: Anatomy of Basal Ganglia – Axial View

Posted in Neurosurgery

< 1 mn read Anatomy of Basal Ganglia – Axial View Structures generally included in the basal ganglia are the caudate, putamen, and globus pallidus in the cerebrum, the substantia nigra in the midbrain, and the subthalamic nucleus in the diencephalon. Basal ganglia’s primary function is likely to control and regulate activities of the motor and premotor cortical areas […]

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