6 mn read Subaxial Cervical Spine Injuries: Introduction Common cause of disability Most common causes:– RTA, Fall, Penetrating trauma, Sports Highly prone to traumatic injury: Mobile, relatively unprotected, and its high position 60% of all spinal injuries occur in the cervical spine Subaxial cervical spine injuries include: 2/3rd of all cervical fractures 75% of all cervical dislocations One […]Continue reading "Subaxial Cervical Spine Injuries"
2 mn read Contents Case Report Introduction Signs and symptoms Pathophysiology Diagnosis Treatment Hypertensive Pontine Hemorrhage Video Case Report 52yr old male k/c/o HTN not on regular medication Presented with sudden onset loss of consciousness On Examination GCS – E1VetM1 Pupils -B/L 1mm NRTL (Pin-Point Pupils) Planters B/L mute CT Scan Hypertensive Pontine Hemorrhage Hypertensive Pontine Hemorrhage: Introduction […]Continue reading "Hypertensive Pontine Hemorrhage"
9 mn read 1. Neurogenic bladder refers to dysfunction of the urinary bladder due to disease of the central nervous system or peripheral nerves involved in the control of micturition . 2. Non Neurogenic bladder refers to dysfunction of the urinary bladder due to dynamic disturbance of genitourinary system. Micturition Pathway 3. detrusor muscle of the bladder […]Continue reading "Neuro Urology and The Neurogenic Bladder"
4 mn read MR spectroscopy provides a measure of brain chemistry. The most common nuclei that are used are 1H (proton) 23Na (sodium) 31P (phosphorus). Proton spectroscopy is easier to perform and provides much higher signal-to-noise than either sodium or phosphorus. MRS can be performed within 10-15 minutes and can be added on to conventional MR imaging […]Continue reading "MRI Spectroscopy : Neurosurgery Notes"
2 mn read Video Link:Neurosurgery written board crash course – hypothalamus hypothalamus as the name suggests is directly underneath the thalamus and it’s directly above the pituitary borders of the hypothalamus can be drawn by a triangle line between the anterior commissure and a posterior commissure and it’s called the ACPC line line between the anterior commissure […]Continue reading "Hypothalamus Anatomy : Neuroanatomy/ Neurosurgery Notes"
3 mn read What are the pain sensitive intracranial structures? Brain itself is pain insensitive. The following intracranial structures are pain-sensitive: Meningeal arteries Proximal portions of the cerebral arteries Dura at the base of the brain Venous sinuses Cranial nerves 5, 7, 9, and 10, and cervical nerves 1, 2, and 3 What are the mechanisms causing headaches? […]Continue reading "History Taking in Neurosurgery : Headache"