3 mn read

Treatment of Contrast Induced Nephropathy after Endovascular Neurointerventions

Posted in Neurosurgery

3 mn read Contrast induced nephropathy is one of the common complications of various diagnostic and therapeutic angiographic procedures. It results due to administration of contrast media. It is the third most common cause of hospital acquired acute renal injury which constitutes up to 12% of the cases in the US [1]. Treatment of contrast induced nephropathy is

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< 1 mn read

Spinal claudication vs Vascular claudication

Posted in Neurosurgery Bullets

< 1 mn read In this post we compare the major differences between Spinal Claudication vs Vascular Claudication. Claudication Definition The word claudication originates from a Latin word “claudicare” which means, ‘to limp’ [1]. Claudication is a pain, cramp or sense of fatigue in a muscle group of the lower extremity related to walking or any sustained exercise of […]

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4 mn read

Tarlov Cyst on Sacrum

Posted in Neurosurgery Bullets

4 mn read In this post we present a case of Large Tarlov Cyst on Sacrum, extending from L5 to S2. It is described under the following heads: What is Tarlov Cyst? aka Perineural cysts. It was first described by Isadore Max Tarlov (1905-1977) in 1938, hence the name Tarlov Cyst. They are CSF-filled dilatations of the sheath […]

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2 mn read

What is a clonus? | What is Ankle & Patellar Clonus?

Posted in Neurosurgery

2 mn read Definition It is a set of involuntary and rhythmic muscular contractions and relaxations. It is a sign of certain neurological conditions, particularly involving upper motor neuron lesions. In many cases it is accompanied by spasticity (another form of hyperexcitability).  Term infants can be hyperreflexic, and a few beats of clonus can be a normal finding […]

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6 mn read

Subaxial Cervical Spine Injuries

Posted in Neurosurgery

6 mn read Subaxial Cervical Spine Injuries: Introduction Common cause of disability Most common causes:–  RTA, Fall, Penetrating trauma, Sports Highly prone to traumatic injury: Mobile, relatively unprotected, and its high position 60% of all spinal injuries occur in the cervical spine Subaxial cervical spine injuries include: 2/3rd of all cervical fractures 75% of all cervical dislocations One […]

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2 mn read

Hypertensive Pontine Hemorrhage

Posted in Neurosurgery

2 mn read Contents Case Report Introduction Signs and symptoms Pathophysiology Diagnosis Treatment Hypertensive Pontine Hemorrhage Video Case Report 52yr old male k/c/o HTN not on regular medication Presented with sudden onset loss of consciousness On Examination GCS – E1VetM1 Pupils -B/L 1mm NRTL (Pin-Point Pupils) Planters B/L mute CT Scan Hypertensive Pontine Hemorrhage Hypertensive Pontine Hemorrhage: Introduction […]

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9 mn read

Neuro Urology and The Neurogenic Bladder

Posted in Neurosurgery

9 mn read 1. Neurogenic bladder refers to dysfunction of the urinary bladder due to disease of the central nervous system or peripheral nerves involved in the control of micturition .  2. Non Neurogenic bladder refers to dysfunction of the urinary bladder due to dynamic disturbance of genitourinary system.    Micturition Pathway 3. detrusor muscle of the bladder […]

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4 mn read

MRI Spectroscopy : Neurosurgery Notes

Posted in Neurosurgery

4 mn read   MR spectroscopy provides a measure of brain chemistry. The most common nuclei that are used are  1H (proton) 23Na (sodium) 31P (phosphorus).  Proton spectroscopy is easier to perform and provides much higher signal-to-noise than either sodium or phosphorus. MRS can be performed within 10-15 minutes and can be added on to conventional MR imaging […]

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