< 1 mn read

Spinal claudication vs Vascular claudication

Posted in Neurosurgery Bullets

< 1 mn read In this post we compare the major differences between Spinal Claudication vs Vascular Claudication. Claudication Definition The word claudication originates from a Latin word “claudicare” which means, ‘to limp’ [1]. Claudication is a pain, cramp or sense of fatigue in a muscle group of the lower extremity related to walking or any sustained exercise of […]

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4 mn read

Tarlov Cyst on Sacrum

Posted in Neurosurgery Bullets

4 mn read In this post we present a case of Large Tarlov Cyst on Sacrum, extending from L5 to S2. It is described under the following heads: What is Tarlov Cyst? aka Perineural cysts. It was first described by Isadore Max Tarlov (1905-1977) in 1938, hence the name Tarlov Cyst. They are CSF-filled dilatations of the sheath […]

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4 mn read

Surgical Training in India: Problems and Solutions

Posted in Surgery Residency

4 mn read The origin of this post comes from my participation in a recent Panel discussion about improving Surgical Training in India. The session was titled “HOW WE CAN IMPROVE SURGICAL TRAINING IN THE INDIAN SUBCONTINENT” organized by Learning General Surgery Group. In the group we have recently been seeing an uprise of frustration among surgical residents […]

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< 1 mn read

How to prepare for MRCS Part A and the Best books for MRCS Part A preparation

Posted in MRCS Preparation

< 1 mn read How to prepare for MRCS Part A and what are the best books and resources for MRCS Part A Preparation? Sharing my preparation plan and resources so that you can prepare and crack MRCS Part A in the first attempt. I took the MRCS Part A exam during the second year of my MS General […]

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2 mn read

Difference between FRCS Domestic (JCIE) and FRCS International (JSCFE)

Posted in FRCS Preparation

2 mn read Difference between FRCS Domestic (JCIE) and FRCS International (JSCFE) What is the full form JCIE and what is JCIE? The full form of JCIE is Joint Committee on Intercollegiate Examination. The intercollegiate FRCS examinations are administered by two committees. The first one of the two committees is the JCIE (Joint Committee on Intercollegiate Examinations) which […]

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2 mn read

What is a clonus? | What is Ankle & Patellar Clonus?

Posted in Neurosurgery

2 mn read Definition It is a set of involuntary and rhythmic muscular contractions and relaxations. It is a sign of certain neurological conditions, particularly involving upper motor neuron lesions. In many cases it is accompanied by spasticity (another form of hyperexcitability).  Term infants can be hyperreflexic, and a few beats of clonus can be a normal finding […]

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4 mn read

How to crack AIIMS/ NIMHANS/ PGI and Other Central MCh Neurosurgery Entrances?

Posted in Neurosurgery

4 mn read Here is another blog for those who want to crack entrance exams for AIIMS Neurosurgery / NIMHANS Neurosurgery and NEET SS Neurosurgery entrance examinations. Here I will tell you in a step-by-step manner how you can go about your neurosurgery entrance exam preparation. “How to crack Neurosurgery entrance” will be discussed under the following headings: […]

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5 mn read

Can Gas cause Headache?

Posted in Neurosurgery

5 mn read Can Gas cause Headaches? Can Gas cause headache? Here is a common rather funny query by patients which makes us smile often. There is no logical explanation on how abdominal gas will reach the brain to cause headaches? And you would be surprised that this is a very common query being searched on Google every […]

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Oxford Handbook of Clinical Surgery

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Mcminn’s Color Atlas of Human Anatomy

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Surgery For PGMEE 13th Edition – 2019 by Amit Ashish


Bailey & Love’s Short Practice of Surgery, 27th Edition

Sabiston’s Textbook of Surgery

Schwartz’s Principles Of Surgery

SRB’S Manual Of Surgery


Operative Techniques in Surgery by Michael W. Mulholland et al

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