Following is the case presentation of Umbilical Granuloma:
A 2 year old male child presented with this moist and pink tissue popping out of the umbilicus. Patient complained of minimal amounts of drainage and irritation of the surrounding skin. This swelling started appearing from 3rd month. It was initially small but started growing in size gradually. Patient was initially advised topical application of silver nitrate but it did not resolve with conservative management. It was surgically excised.
- Patent urachus
- Omphalomesenteric duct
- Umbilical polyps
- Neoplastic swellings
Umbilical Granuloma : Management Options
- Chemical cauterization with silver nitrate or copper sulphate.
- Topical application of common salt / 82% ethanol or Clobetasolpropionte.
- Electric cauterization.
- Surgical excision.
In a systemic review of Eleven RCTs (n = 890) for the usage, effectiveness and side effects of silver nitrate, topical steroids, ethanol wipes, electrocautery, cryocautery, copper sulphate and common salt were included. Common salt was found to having achieved resolution in >90% of cases in five studies and 54-80% in two studies. Topical steroids, silver nitrate, copper sulphate and cryocautery were found to having achieved resolution in >90% and ethanol wipes in 50-65% of cases. However, local side effects reported with topical steroids, silver nitrate, cryocautery and electrocautery varied in each study. Salt application did not cause side effects.