High Yield Points on Kidney Transplantation for Surgery NEET SS Entrance Preparation

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1. Which Kidney is preferred (Left or Right)?

The left renal anatomy is generally preferred as the left renal vein is longer. (MCQ)

2. Is the right kidney never used?

Many studies have shown that the right kidney can also be procured safely. (MCQ)

3. What is the complication when 12th rib is resected while doing Kidney transplant procedure by Open surgical technique?

In open surgical technique, The 12th rib may need to be resected to allow better exposure. However, this will increase the risk of a postoperative pneumothorax (0.09%) (MCQ)

4. What is the most common complication after Kidney Transplant?

The most common complications are urinary retention and ileus. (MCQ)

5. Which solution is used to store a kidney which has to be transplanted?

The predominant storage solution currently used in the United States is University of Wisconsin Preservation Solution (ViaSpan/ Dupont) (MCQ)

6. Where is the Kidney positioned in a recipient?

The kidney is usually placed in a retroperitoneal position in the recipient. (MCQ)

7. Donor Renal vein is anastomosed to _________ in Kidney transplantation? 

The donor renal vein is anastomosed to the common iliac vein (MCQ)

8. Donor Renal artery is anastomosed to _________ in Kidney transplantation? 

The donor artery is anastomosed to the recipient common or external iliac artery. (MCQ)

9. What is the most common manifestation of postoperative surgical complications?

Most complications are manifested as a sudden drop in urine output. (MCQ)

10. What is the most common cause of graft loss in Renal Transplantation?

The most common cause of graft loss is progressive interstitial fibrosis that ultimately leads to kidney failure. (MCQ)


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